Microarray Data Explorer
Info Raw gene Expression data is sourced from GEO, and the appropriate db package for mapping probes to gene symbols was sourced from the Bioconductor AnnotationData packages. You can read more about microarray data here.
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GROUP CONDITION SAMPLES
C57bl6/J mice
GSM1429393 GSM1429394 GSM1429395
GSM1429390 GSM1429391 GSM1429392
GSM1429396 GSM1429397 GSM1429398
GSM1429382 GSM1429383 GSM1429384 GSM1429385
GSM1429386 GSM1429387 GSM1429388 GSM1429389
GSM1429399 GSM1429400 GSM1429401
Description

Submission Date: Jul 07, 2014

Summary: ABSTRACT:Pregnancy requires a higher functional beta cell mass and this is associated with profound changes in the gene expression profile of pancreatic islets. Taking Tph1 as a sensitive marker for pregnancy-related islet mRNA expression in female mice, we previously identified prolactin receptors and placental lactogen as key signalling molecules. Since beta cells from male mice also express prolactin receptors, the question arose whether male and female islets have the same phenotypic resilience at the mRNA level during pregnancy. We addressed this question in vitro, by using islet tissue culture with placental lactogen and in vivo, by transplanting male or female islets into female acceptor mice. Additionally, the islet mRNA expression of pregnant prolactin receptor deficient mice was compared with that of their pregnant wild-type littermates. When cultured with placental lactogen, or transplanted in female recipients that became pregnant (day 12.5), male islets induced the 'islet pregnancy gene signature', which we defined as the 12 highest induced genes in non-transplanted female islets at day 12.5 of pregnancy. In addition, serotonin immunoreactivity was also induced in these male transplanted islets at day 12.5 of pregnancy. In order to investigate the importance of prolactin receptors in these mRNA changes we used a prolactin receptor deficient mouse model. For the 12 genes of the signature, which are highly induced in control pregnant mice, no significant induction of mRNA transcripts was found at day 9.5 of pregnancy. Together, our results support the key role of placental lactogen as a circulating factor that can trigger the pregnancy mRNA profile in male and female beta cells.

The data obtained from the normal islets of pregnant mice (day12.5) was already described in Schraenen et al. 2010 (PMID: 20886204 and PMID: 20938637).

GEO Accession ID: GSE59143

PMID: 25816302

Description

Submission Date: Jul 07, 2014

Summary: ABSTRACT:Pregnancy requires a higher functional beta cell mass and this is associated with profound changes in the gene expression profile of pancreatic islets. Taking Tph1 as a sensitive marker for pregnancy-related islet mRNA expression in female mice, we previously identified prolactin receptors and placental lactogen as key signalling molecules. Since beta cells from male mice also express prolactin receptors, the question arose whether male and female islets have the same phenotypic resilience at the mRNA level during pregnancy. We addressed this question in vitro, by using islet tissue culture with placental lactogen and in vivo, by transplanting male or female islets into female acceptor mice. Additionally, the islet mRNA expression of pregnant prolactin receptor deficient mice was compared with that of their pregnant wild-type littermates. When cultured with placental lactogen, or transplanted in female recipients that became pregnant (day 12.5), male islets induced the 'islet pregnancy gene signature', which we defined as the 12 highest induced genes in non-transplanted female islets at day 12.5 of pregnancy. In addition, serotonin immunoreactivity was also induced in these male transplanted islets at day 12.5 of pregnancy. In order to investigate the importance of prolactin receptors in these mRNA changes we used a prolactin receptor deficient mouse model. For the 12 genes of the signature, which are highly induced in control pregnant mice, no significant induction of mRNA transcripts was found at day 9.5 of pregnancy. Together, our results support the key role of placental lactogen as a circulating factor that can trigger the pregnancy mRNA profile in male and female beta cells.

The data obtained from the normal islets of pregnant mice (day12.5) was already described in Schraenen et al. 2010 (PMID: 20886204 and PMID: 20938637).

GEO Accession ID: GSE59143

PMID: 25816302

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Info Visualizations are precomputed using the Python package scanpy on the top 5000 most variable genes.

Precomputed Differential Gene Expression

Info Differential expression signatures are automatically computed using the limma R package. More options for differential expression are available to compute below.

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Differential Gene Expression Analysis
Info Differential expression signatures can be computed using DESeq2 or characteristic direction.
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